The goal of this milestone is to identify tasks and do a task analysis, refine your design direction as needed, generate a prioritized list of requirements, and then explore conceptual design alternatives through storyboarding.
Reality check: At this point you would normally iterate on the problem description based on the feedback you received from your Define milestone. A clearly articulated problem statement usually takes a number of iterations to get right. Having a solid problem description is an important part of any research project.
1. Three Task Examples
You need to create three key representative task examples. They should be directly related to the human activity you are trying to support. Use the format that was discussed in class, namely a scenario (informal narrative description).
Remember that task examples are interface/design independent; or as as independent as you can make them. That is, a task example should not include details about a particular interface design, technology, or interaction methods, but should be defined such that more than one interface design could potentially be used to execute the given task.
Make your task examples as succinct as possible, while conveying the essential details. Each task example should be labelled as one of: frequent, infrequent but important, infrequent and incidental.
Length: Each task example should be about one medium-length paragraph or several short paragraphs (supporting images and figures can be added, as appropriate).
2. Task analysis
You need to analyze/reflect on each of your task examples and determine to what extent they are supported in current practice (perhaps through existing technology, or through non-technological means), identifying both the positive and negative aspects of this practice. This helps to further clarify the problem.
Length: Document your analysis in one paragraph for each task (supporting images and figures can be added, as appropriate).
3. Prioritized list of Requirements
Because it may be unrealistic to fulfill your full system concept for all possible target users, you must prioritize the aspects of the system that you will develop based on: (1) the data you gathered during your field work (Empathize), (2) the personas you developed (Define), and (3) your literature search (Define).
The primary output of this stage is a specification of the aspects that your system must deliver/accommodate in the form of functional and non-functional requirements. It does not specify how – i.e., this stage is design-independent and usually it will be possible to implement requirements in a variety of ways.
Decide upon the major requirements for your system and prioritize them into:
The output from this step should be a list of your major requirements, categorized by priority. If there are requirements that are likely to be difficult to develop (infeasible), they should be flagged as such. Each category should be accompanied by a brief discussion as to why the items were placed in that category. You may find it useful to refer to your personas (and possibly other stakeholders) in your discussion.
Length: 1 to 1.5 pages to capture the list and the brief discussion.
4. Refined Design Direction
Based on the feedback you received from the Define milestone and the task analysis and prioritized list of requirements that you have just done, you now have the opportunity to revisit your design direction.
Length: at most one half page of text, and up to one page if images are included.
5. Conceptual design / Design Alternatives
This component of the milestone includes several steps:
The individual conceptual models+sketches as well as the bullet-point strength and weaknesses lists will go in an appendix.
The final conceptual model+storyboard and the strengths/weaknesses bullet lists will be in the main body of your report.
Length: 1 to 2 pages for everything except storyboard, unlimited for storyboard (+ appendix)
Note: there should be strong coherence between the different sections of your report. For example, there should not be key functionality that shows up in the conceptual model+storyboard that was not a requirement.
Presentation and report:
As with the previous milestones, your team will briefly present your work on this milestone in class: 5 minutes per team. Reminder: at least 2 team members must present and team members are expected to rotate across the project milestone presentations throughout the term. Thus, any team member who did not present last presentation, needs to present for this one. You need to touch on each of the elements above, so will necessarily need to be very selective in what you cover.
For your report, include an appendix that identifies each team member’s contributions. You many optionally include additional appendices for content that does not fit into the main sections of the report.
Teams need to submit two pdfs — a pdf of the presentation, and a pdf of their report — in one single post to Canvas. Please give your pdf files name “Ideate-report-<team name>.pdf” and “Ideate-presentation-<team name>.pdf”